STD Information

Chlamydia

The most common bacterial STD. 2 million Americans are currently infected with Chlamydia. 3 million more will be infected this year in the US.

  • Transmission – From sexual activity with an infected person. Sexual intercourse. Oral sex. Anal sex
  • Symptoms – Most infected people can’t tell. 80% of girls and 40% of boys don’t have symptoms. They can still pass the STD
  • Complications – Most people aren’t seeking treatment because they don’t know they are infected. Delayed treatment can lead to long term effects.
  • Testing – simple urine test
  • Treatment – Antibiotics. Any damage to the body cannot be treated or repaired
  • Prevention – Abstinence from sexual activity is the only 100% method of prevention. Marry an uninfected partner and remain sexually faithful during marriage. If you have been sexually active, GET TESTED! Don’t delay it. Get checked and renew to a lifestyle of abstinence.

Gonorrhea

The 2nd most common bacterial STD. 650,000 American become infected with gonorrhea each year.

  • Transmission - From sexual activity with an infected person. Sexual intercourse. Oral sex. Anal sex. From infected mother to newborn baby during the birthing process. Even if an infected person has no symptoms, they can still pass gonorrhea to another person.
  • Symptoms – Most infected people can’t tell. They don’t have symptoms, especially women. (25-80% of infected women have no symptoms. If there are symptoms, they vary on the part of the body infected and usually begin within a week of being exposed.
    • Males – Discharge, Burning upon urination, swollen or tender testicles
    • Females – Painful urination, abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse.
  • Complications – Male: Urinary tract problems, unable to have children, arthritis. Female: Pelvic inflammatory disease, tubal
  • Testing – A simple lab test
  • Treatment -  Antibiotics. Any damage to the body cannot be treated or repaired.
  • Prevention – Abstinence from sexual activity is the only 100% method of prevention. Marry an uninfected partner and remain sexually faithful during marriage. If you have been sexually active, GET TESTED! Don’t delay it. Get checked and renew to a lifestyle of abstinence.

Syphilis

  • Transmission - From sexual activity with an infected person. Sexual intercourse. Oral sex. Anal sex. Direct physical contact with sores or lesions. From infected mother to newborn baby during the birthing process. Even if an infected person has no symptoms, they can still pass gonorrhea to another person.
    • Primary – Painless sore on the body where the bacteria entered
    • Secondary – Skin rashes palms of hands, bottom of feet, trunk or any part of the body, fever, swollen glands, headache, patchy hair loss, muscle ache
    • Latent – no specific noticeable symptoms, secondary symptoms may reoccur
    • Tertiary – 10-30 years after infection, destructive to body symptoms, leads to long-term effects and complications
  • Complications – Long-term Effects: paralysis, insanity, blindness, damage to knee joints, personality changes, tumor of the skin or internal organs.
  • Testing – Blood test
  • Treatment - Antibiotics. Any damage to the body cannot be treated or repaired.
  • Prevention – Abstinence from sexual activity is the only 100% method of prevention. Marry an uninfected partner and remain sexually faithful during marriage. If you have been sexually active, GET TESTED! Don’t delay it. Get checked and renew to a lifestyle of abstinence.

Trich

Most common curable STD in young, sexually active women. 7.4 million new cases occur each year in the US.

  • Transmission - From sexual activity with an infected person. Sexual intercourse. Oral sex. Anal sex. Even if an infected person has no symptoms, they can still pass Trich to another person.
  • SymptomsWomen may experience the following: frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor, burning during intercourse and urination, abnormal vaginal bleeding (especially after intercourse), irritation and itching in the genital area. Men – may experience the following: irritation inside the penis, a mild discharge, or a slight burning during / after urination.
  • Complications - Premature rupture of the membranes and preterm labor in pregnant women. Increased risk for HIV, if engaging in sexual contact with a HIV- infected individual.
  • Testing – Vaginal or urethral discharge (genital fluids or urine).
  • Treatment – Oral Antibiotics. Both partners must be treated with the antibiotics at the same time to avoid passing the infection back and forth.
  • Prevention – Abstinence from sexual activity is the only 100% method of prevention. Marry an uninfected partner and remain sexually faithful during marriage. If you have been sexually active, GET TESTED! Don’t delay it. Get checked and renew to a lifestyle of abstinence.

Herpes

The most common viral STD. 45 million Americans are currently infected with Herpes. 1 million more will be infected this year in the US.

  • Transmission – From sexual activity with an infected person. Sexual intercourse. Oral sex. Anal sex. Skin to skin contact. Non-sexual activity such as kissing if the person has an oral infection. From infected mother to newborn baby during the birthing process. Even if an infected person has no symptoms, they can still pass genital herpes to another person.
  • Symptoms – Most infected people can’t tell. If there are symptoms, initial symptoms may include fever, headache and muscle aches 6-7 days after exposure. Other symptoms include small red sores or blister that are painful and often burn or itch, burning upon urination, vaginal discharge and tender swollen lymph nodes in groin area. Symptoms may reoccur up to 5 times per year. The initial symptoms will usually not reoccur. The sores or blisters, burning upon urination, vaginal discharge and tender swollen lymph nodes may reoccur.
  • Complications – If treated, may cause stress and pain. Lethal to newborns
  • Testing – 90% of people with genital herpes do not know they are infected. Viral cultures or other test of the sores.
  • Treatment – Antiviral medication help reduce the symptoms There is no cure for the virus.
  • Prevention – Abstinence from sexual activity is the only 100% method of prevention. Marry an uninfected partner and remain sexually faithful during marriage. If you have been sexually active, GET TESTED! Don’t delay it. Get checked and renew to a lifestyle of abstinence.

HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Invades the immune system and destroys it over time. 800,000 to 900,000 Americans are currently living with HIV. About 1/4 don’t know it. About 320,000 Americans currently have AIDS

  • Transmission – From sexual activity with an infected person. Sexual intercourse. Oral sex. Anal sex. From infected mother to newborn baby during the birthing process. Even if an infected person has no symptoms, they can still pass genital herpes to another person. Contaminated needles or syringes. Exposure to HIV infected blood. Even if an infected person has no symptoms, they can still pass the virus to another person.
  • Symptoms – Initial symptoms may include flu-like symptoms (fatigue, fever, aches). Other symptoms may include the following: weight loss, night sweats, fatigue, fever, dry cough, diarrhea, swollen lymph nodes, memory loss, depression, and chronic yeast infections. It is important to remember that symptoms may not be present for weeks, month, or years after being infected. AIDS typically appears after 10 years of HIV infection. The immune system is severely damaged and opportunistic infections (infections normally fought off by healthy immune systems) and cancers develop.
  • Complications – Develops into AIDS, painful and deadly
  • Testing – Blood test. It can take up to 6 months after being infected, for the HIV antibodies to show up in the blood test.
  • Treatment – Several types of medications can pro-long the lives of those infected, but they are expensive and often have severe side effects.
  • Prevention – Abstinence from sexual activity is the only 100% method of prevention. Marry an uninfected partner and remain sexually faithful during marriage. If you have been sexually active, GET TESTED! Don’t delay it. Get checked and renew to a lifestyle of abstinence.

HPV – Human papillomavirus

HPV  or more commonly known as genital warts. There are more than 100 strains of HPV. 20 million Americans are currently infected with HPV. 506 million Americans are infected with genital HPV each year.

  • Transmission – From sexual activity with an infected person. Sexual intercourse. Oral sex. Anal sex. Skin to skin contact. Even if an infected person has no symptoms, they can still pass genital herpes to another person.
  • Symptoms – Most infected people can’t tell. They don’t have symptoms. Only about 1% of all individuals who have been infected and 7% of those currently infected have actual visible genital warts. Symptoms may include the following: soft, moist, pink or flesh-colored warts in the genital areal (vulva, vagina, cervix, anus, penis, scrotum, groin, or thigh) or any part of the body that was exposed to the virus (lips, mouth, etc.) The warts may be raised or flat, single or multiple, small or large, and sometimes cauliflower shaped. An infected individual may also experience itching, bleeding burning, and pain.
  • Complications – May destroy body tissue around the genitals and anus. Cervical cancer in women. (HPV is the primary cause of 99% of cervical cancers.) Associated with other cancers such as oral, vaginal, vulvar, penile and anal cancer.
  • Testing – testing is not performed routinely. Visible clinical exam – although, keep in mind that most people infected with HPV have no visible symptoms. Women usually find out if they are infected from an abnormal Pap smear (HPV DNA).
  • Treatment – Warts can be treated to remove or decrease them by the following methods: topical medication, liquid nitrogen (burning), cautery (cutting off), surgically removed, and laser therapy. There is no CURE for the virus, but some strains tend to resolve unexpectedly.
  • Prevention – Abstinence from sexual activity is the only 100% method of prevention. Marry an uninfected partner and remain sexually faithful during marriage. If you have been sexually active, GET TESTED! Don’t delay it. Get checked and renew to a lifestyle of abstinence.

STD Information

Viral STD's Information

Herpes
HPV
HIV